Wednesday, July 7, 2010

india travel

India, or its official name the Republic of India (Hindi: भारत गणराज्य Gaṇarājya Bharat English: Republic of India), is a country in South Asia. Geographical area of the world's seventh largest and second largest population of the country has, and is the world's largest democracy. In the southern Indian Ocean, west of the Arabian Sea and Bay of Bengal in the east coast of India with links to their 7517 km in length. Pakistan in the west, northeast China, Nepal and Bhutan, and eastern borders with Bangladesh and Myanmar share. Moreover, Sri Lanka, Maldives and Indonesia very soon.
Indus Valley Civilization, historic trade routes and vast empires, the Indian Yarımküresi which take place in the region, commercial and cultural wealth for much of its long history, was known for. Four major world religions as Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism and Zoroastrianism, including being the birthplace Sihizmin, Judaism, Christianity and Islam all MS In the first millennium, the country has come to shape the region's various cultures.
India, 28 of them consisting of states and union territories and is a republic with a parliamentary democracy. According to the number of exchanges on the world's second largest economy and fourth largest in the world has the purchasing power parity. Because of the economic reforms implemented since 1991, the world's fastest growing economy is one of the most, however, poverty and malnutrition rates of literacy, many still very high.
RELIGION: Religion is a way of life in India. Indian tradition is an integral part of all. For many Indian religions, from job training and daily life to politics has permeated every phase. Secular India, Hindu, Islam, Christianity, Jainism, Sikhism and other innumerable religious traditions will be hosting. Islam is practiced by 18% of the population. Besides Hindus, Muslims and a leading religious group is an integral part of Indian society. Muslim population after Indonesia, India has the largest number. Adopted by all the religions in India are common applications and a variety of music and dance festival every year is celebrated by the whole community. Each with its own pilgrimage sites, heroes, legends and even culinary habits are the main features that this community is mixed in with an original cost differences.
HİNDUZİM: One course in religious traditions of Hinduism, which determines the basic beliefs is not easy to define. The vast majority of the population of India has shaped this belief is not only a philosophy. Hinduism in this way, perhaps both theoretically and in practice in the field because they include differences that can be called the religion of the museum is the only religious tradition. A founder of this religion or holy book is not. Rig Veda, Upanishads and the Bhagavad Gita, the sacred Hindu text, as can be shown. Unlike most other religions, Hinduism does not foresee a single deity to worship. A Hindu, Shiva, Vishnu, Rama, Krishna and other gods and goddess worship or any individual involved in breaking the Supreme Spirit or the Spirit can believe in and still be referred to as Hindu. Hinduism contains contradictions that this is a sign of the degree. A quest for ultimate truth in the way one side of the scale, on the other side of the soul, there are sects who worship trees and animals. Not just about gods and goddesses in Hinduism, the sun, moon, planets, rivers, oceans, trees, and animals that are related festivals and ceremonies. The most popular, Deepavali, Holi, Dussehra, Ganesh Chaturthi, Pongal, and the Shiva Ratri festival express Janamasthmi. Interestingly, the rich tradition of Hinduism and Indian coloring makes this festive event are numerous. Indian Mythology Mahabharata and Ramayana, and The Living Gods of such legendary heroes as immortal, and that people believe they are alive. Hindu gods against them both superhuman and human, and as there is a distinct feeling of warmth and familiarity. Rama is the hero of Ramayana, represents qualities such as courage and honor and masculinity is seen as a model. Sita is the wife of a typical Indian woman, and together with her husband in exile has been kidnapped by Ravana the king of Lanka. Lakşmana Sita'nın Rama and his brother and faithful Hanuman monkey recovered by this extremely interesting stories are built around. From the various stories told from generation to generation, this epic. Religious fairs, festivals, and rituals have kept these legends alive, and each event as an opportunity to tell the old tales are back. Pandavalar Mahabharata'daki exciting texts and Kauravalar between close relatives who tells a story of dynastic struggle. Lord Krishna is a very important role in this great epic. Arjuna'nın friend Pandavalardan itself, is a philosopher and guide to Arjuna in the battlefield and their relatives hesitate to kill her when she helps overcome these hesitations. Krishna, the Bhagavad Gita was written wisdom of the philosophy and teachings. Krishna, who played as a child, butter, and mischief as a teenager who also played flute Although known as a god by the more serious in adults in the foreground is depicted as the wise philosopher. In all of India's Hindus worship many gods and goddesses that are. Hinduism, the most important one among them, respectively, for the creator, protector and destroyer, known as Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva is the trilogy. Brahma's four heads corresponding to the four directions of the compass is. It is believed that the entire universe and create life. Around the everlasting birth and rebirth of Vishnu, the protector is managed. Moreover, many times to protect the world from evil forces of the world has come to have a belief. Vishnu, Rama and Krishna is considered to be a hint. Usually wrapped around his neck with a common cobra Shiva destroys all evil and has many hint. God can not be seen in many images and idols symbolizing divine powers are represented. Many idol temples adorned with inexpressible beauty and grandeur is maintained in. Indian gods in temples, snow-covered hills, rivers, oceans and is alive in the hearts and minds of Indians.
Indian cinema: Indian culture and life outside of India is particularly well known for Indian films. Films are different in different regions of India produksionları. The most important film industry Bollywood is in Mumbai. Hollywood and Bollywood is the name Bombay (Mumbai) was formed from the name.
Indian Cuisine: In general, lots of spicy food and spices, mainly yapılır.Tavuk is a kitchen. All dishes are spiced up the chicken fresh. Is heavily weighted cinnamon sweet curry chicken. Beef cows are not used because of Hindu religion.

Between Nepal and India in Central Asia, China is an independent country. The highest point on the border of the country in the world, the Everest (8848 meters) is located. Katmandu'dur capital.

GENERAL INFORMATION: Nepal South Asia as a geographical location in the north to the south of India, China and the remaining 147 000 km area between the owner is a landlocked country. Himalayas in the north and south of the forested area is surrounded by Terra. With a population of approximately 29 million people in Nepal, most of which are engaged in agriculture. Nepal-born people from India Gurkal'larla Racputana Bhutia'lar from South India and creates Nevar'lar. 80% of the people of the country (Hindu) 'stop. The world's only Hindu kingdom of Nepal as a self-introduced.! Nepal has many ethnic groups and many languages are spoken. The state's official language, Nepali, Sanskrit and Moğolca'dir. Monarşi'dir constitutional form of government. Monarchical system is carried out under the multiparty system. Capital, Katmandu, and the most advanced and largest city is also here. The national per capita income in Nepal is 240 dollars, is shown between the world's poorest countries. Since the 1990s, some positive developments in the economy, although not yet begun for the elimination of poverty could not be improved sufficiently.

HISTORY: According to research, the first known history of Nepal, MS 4. century, began with the establishment of a small Indian principality. Located in this small principality in the territory of Nepal 18 had resumed their existence until the middle of the century. In 1769, the first time one of these principalities Gürkalar, Nepal took control of territory. Gurkan is the first person Pritvi Narayan, Kathmandu Nepal Gürkaların area under the transfer took place after their capture. After the last child instead of Narayan'dan, Nepal, lands, Sutley River in the west, south and north of the Ganges plain expanded to Tibet.
Between the years 1814-1816 with the British in the war, has resulted in the defeat Gürkaların. 1846'ya country until then, became the arena of noble families. Rana family in this time, formed the upper hand over others. Nepal, until the year 1951, this family remained in control. Shah is a member of the same year the King family Tribhubana the country with the administration and the cabinet system of government to seize passed. Constitutional monarchy was proclaimed. After the death of his son Mahendra in lieu of, the country has made big changes. The new constitution was proclaimed in 1962. Mahendra'nın death by his son Birendra became king in 1972. King Birendra was activating the Panchayat system. Partisiz this system was a constitutional system. Anti-regime movement emerged in 1979, and the student riots in 1980 after Birendra regime led to a referendum. Birendra'nın Panchayat regime had survived the referendum result. Loosening the monopoly of power in 1990, Birendra agreed to move to a parliamentary system. Multiparty system was made so late in life. Elections were held in May 1991. Nepali Congress Party won 205 seats out of the government came 110'unu.
One of the Maoist party in February 1996 to establish a new democratic people's republic of Maoist revolutionary strategy in the guerrilla war (people's war) started. Thus began the Civil War in Nepal. Pushpa Kamal Dahal, known as rebel leader Prachanda called for a rebellion launched in five regions: with Rop, bow, Jajarkot, Gorkha and Sindhuli. In many areas the Maoists formed the provisional government of the people.
June 2001, Prince Dipendra, the royal family, King Birendra and Queen Aishwarya'nın inside that also killed 11 people and then killed himself. The reign of King Gyanendra took over his brother's death Birendra'nın. Maoist rebellion in October 2002 and escalated in the meantime had left the king dissolved the government and temporarily took control of. But the government has appointed a week later, a different country because of civil war, was precarious.
Katmandu'yu of unstable government and Maoist siege, because of reduced support for the Kingdom. February 1 2005, Gyanendra dissolved the government said, he gathered all the power in the hands of state of emergency was declared. Politicians were kept under house arrest, phone and Internet lines were cut, and freedom of the press was abolished. King in the new regime to suppress the rebels claimed.
Local elections were held in February 2006 but the major parties boycotted the election. April, 2006, strikes and street demonstrations as the king's capital for the parliament to re-establish Kathmandu'da began. Whereupon the king promised to give back power to political parties. Parliament reconvened on April 28 and appointed prime minister. June 10, 2006, parliamentary approval of legislation to limit the powers of the king's authority was at hand. In this series of peace talks between the Maoists and government had also started. June 12 fight against terrorism in Nepal is very harsh law abolished the release of several Maoist guerrillas were provided. The leader of the Maoist movement in Kathmandu June 18 Prachanda in consultation with the government to be established in the near future to include them in the direction of the provisional government was mentioned. Ongoing since 1996 with the treaty in November 2006 and 13 000 people who cause the death was announced to end the civil war. And the new parliament was formed in January 2007 4 1 Maoists take seats won by right of representation. After that, the government limited the powers of the kingdom through the process of democratization began. But the Maoists in September, in the process of democratization of the government against the kingdom from the heavy hand on the grounds that have announced their withdrawal from the government.
After long discussions over Nepal interim constitution and the right deal was completed April 10 2008'te Constitution Assembly election. The overwhelming winner in the format of the Constitutional Assembly elections Maoists, Nepali Congress Party and the NKP (BML) and the Constitutional Assembly has created. 2008'te Constitutional Assembly held May 28 in the first interim constitution agreed earlier demolished the monarchy and established the Federal Democratic Republic Nepal.

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